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Who wrote the Upanishads…?

The authors of the Upanishads remain largely unknown and uncertain. The ancient Upanishads are embedded within the Vedas, the oldest Hindu religious scriptures, and are considered Apauruseya, meaning they are not attributed to any individual but are regarded as superhuman in origin. As a result, they are considered impersonal and authorless. The Upanishads were skillfully created by Rishis (sages) for the benefit of humanity.

However, certain philosophical theories mentioned in the Upanishads have been attributed to famous sages such as Yajnavalkya, Uddalaka Aruni, Balaki, Pippalada, Shandilya, Shvetaketu, and Sanatkumara. Notably, there are instances where women sages like Maitreyi and Gargi participate in the dialogues of the early Upanishads.

There are some exceptions to the anonymous tradition of the Upanishads. For instance, the Svetasvatara Upanishad attributes authorship to the sage Shvetashvatara. However, it is important to note that many scholars believe that the early Upanishads underwent interpolation and expansion over time, making the exact authorship of various sections unclear. Therefore, it can be concluded that the Upanishads are the collective work of numerous Rishis.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]