Small Logo for Upanishada -

Vriddha Harita Smriti

Unraveling the Ancient Text on Social and Legal Matters Ascribed to Sage Harita

Author Name :

Unknown (Ascribed to Sage Harita)

Time Period :

Ancient Hindu period (approximately 1st to 2nd millennium CE)

Source when Found :

The Vriddha Harita Smriti has been preserved in various ancient manuscripts and is considered a significant text dealing with social and legal matters.


The Vriddha Harita Smriti is an ancient and revered text ascribed to Sage Harita. This research-based article delves into the origins and context of the Vriddha Harita Smriti, explores its key themes and teachings on social and legal matters, and reflects on its enduring significance as a guiding source in matters of societal conduct and legal principles.


The vast and diverse landscape of Hinduism encompasses a rich repository of sacred texts, each contributing to various aspects of human life. Among these is the Vriddha Harita Smriti, a text ascribed to the renowned sage Harita. Dedicated to addressing social and legal issues, the Vriddha Harita Smriti offers valuable insights into the ethical and legal framework governing ancient Hindu society.

Origins and Context:

The Vriddha Harita Smriti finds its origins in the ancient Hindu period, which spans approximately between the 1st and 2nd millennium CE. While the exact authorship remains uncertain, the text is traditionally ascribed to Sage Harita, an esteemed figure in Hindu mythology and jurisprudence.

The context of the Vriddha Harita Smriti lies in an era where the codification of legal and social norms became essential for maintaining harmony and order within society. As a revered sage, Harita’s insights were considered authoritative, and the Vriddha Harita Smriti emerged as a valuable text to guide individuals in matters of social conduct and legal principles.

Key Themes and Teachings:

Social Conduct and Ethics:

The central theme of the Vriddha Harita Smriti revolves around social conduct and ethical principles. It outlines the duties and responsibilities of individuals towards family, community, and society at large.

Legal Principles and Dispute Resolution:

The text provides guidelines for resolving disputes and legal matters, offering insights into the administration of justice in ancient Hindu society.

Marriage and Family Laws:

The Vriddha Harita Smriti may contain teachings on marriage and family laws, including regulations regarding marriages, inheritance, and property rights.

Dharma and Righteous Conduct:

The text emphasizes the importance of upholding Dharma (righteousness) in all aspects of life, guiding individuals towards moral and ethical behavior.

Enduring Significance:

The enduring significance of the Vriddha Harita Smriti lies in its role as a guiding source in matters of social conduct and legal principles. Its teachings on ethical behavior and legal matters have influenced the moral fabric of Hindu society throughout the ages.

Additionally, the Vriddha Harita Smriti serves as a valuable historical document, shedding light on the social and legal norms prevalent in ancient Hindu society. It provides a window into the socio-cultural context of the time and enriches our understanding of the evolution of legal and social systems in ancient India.


The Vriddha Harita Smriti, an ancient text ascribed to Sage Harita, remains a revered source of knowledge in matters of social conduct and legal principles. Its enduring significance lies in its role as a guiding light for individuals seeking ethical and righteous behavior and its contribution to the understanding of ancient Hindu society’s legal and social norms. By exploring the key themes and teachings of this sacred text, we gain deeper insights into the cultural heritage and legal principles that have enriched Hindu society throughout history.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]