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Vishnudharmottara Purana

Unveiling the Divine Wisdom and Sacred Arts


The Vishnudharmottara Purana is an ancient Hindu scripture that delves into the realm of divine wisdom, spiritual practices, and the sacred arts. It is believed to be a dialogue between Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe, and Sage Markandeya. This sacred text provides profound insights into various aspects of Hindu philosophy, including religious rituals, social customs, iconography, sculpture, painting, dance, and music. The Vishnudharmottara Purana serves as a guiding light for artists, artisans, and spiritual seekers, offering a holistic understanding of the divine principles that govern life and artistic expression.

Origin and Significance:

The Vishnudharmottara Purana traces its origins back to ancient times, although the exact period of its composition remains uncertain. It is believed to have been revealed to Lord Brahma by Sage Markandeya, who sought the divine wisdom and guidance to foster spiritual growth and artistic excellence. This scripture holds immense significance as it presents a comprehensive framework for understanding the interplay between spirituality, art, and culture in Hindu society.

Dialogues Between Brahma and Markandeya:

The Vishnudharmottara Purana consists of enlightening conversations between Lord Brahma and Sage Markandeya. These dialogues encompass a wide range of topics, including the significance of dharma (righteousness), the nature of reality, the cosmic order, the role of deities, and the principles governing the practice of art. The exchanges between Brahma and Markandeya offer deep insights into the spiritual and artistic dimensions of life, shedding light on the interconnectedness between the divine and the mundane.

Religious Rituals and Customs:

The Vishnudharmottara Purana provides elaborate descriptions and instructions for religious rituals and customs, offering guidance to devout practitioners. It explores various aspects of worship, including the construction and consecration of temples, the installation of deities, the performance of ceremonies, and the observance of festivals. The text emphasizes the significance of rituals as a means to establish a connection with the divine and attain spiritual elevation.

Iconography and Sculpture:

One of the key aspects of the Vishnudharmottara Purana is its detailed exploration of iconography and sculpture. It elucidates the process of creating sacred images, the symbolism behind various deities and their forms, and the principles of sculpting divine idols. The text provides insights into the measurements, proportions, and mudras (hand gestures) associated with the sculpting of deities, highlighting the divine attributes and energies they represent.

Painting and Artistic Expression:

The Vishnudharmottara Purana also encompasses the realm of painting and artistic expression. It delves into the principles of painting, including color symbolism, brush techniques, and artistic compositions. The text explores different styles of painting, such as the famous Pattachitra and Mughal miniatures, and offers guidance on how art can be used as a medium to convey spiritual themes and evoke divine experiences.

Dance and Music:

The Purana acknowledges the profound significance of dance and music in Hindu culture. It expounds upon the different forms of classical dance, such as Bharatanatyam, Odissi, Kathak, and Kathakali, elucidating their origins, techniques, and spiritual significance. Similarly, the text explores the various types of musical instruments, the theory of ragas (melodic modes), and the devotional nature of Indian classical music.

Ethics and Social Conduct:

Beyond the realm of art, the Vishnudharmottara Purana addresses ethical conduct and social responsibilities. It emphasizes the importance of leading a righteous life, upholding moral values, and engaging in selfless service. The text elucidates the principles of dharma and the role of individuals in contributing to the welfare of society, promoting harmony, and fostering spiritual growth.

Philosophical Teachings:

The Vishnudharmottara Purana offers profound philosophical teachings that guide seekers on the path of self-realization. It explores the nature of reality, the concept of the self (atman), and the interconnectedness of all beings. The text delves into the concepts of karma, reincarnation, and liberation, providing a deeper understanding of the eternal truths and the purpose of human existence.

Contemporary Relevance:

Although the Vishnudharmottara Purana originated in ancient times, its teachings and principles continue to resonate in contemporary society. Artists, artisans, and spiritual seekers draw inspiration from this sacred text to infuse their creative pursuits with divine purpose and meaning. The teachings of the Vishnudharmottara Purana transcend time, reminding individuals of the significance of spirituality, artistic expression, and ethical conduct in leading a fulfilling and harmonious life.


The Vishnudharmottara Purana stands as a beacon of wisdom, illuminating the intricate relationship between spirituality, art, and culture in Hindu religion. Through its dialogues between Lord Brahma and Sage Markandeya, the text explores the depths of divine knowledge, providing insights into religious rituals, iconography, painting, sculpture, dance, music, ethics, and philosophy. The Vishnudharmottara Purana serves as a guiding scripture, fostering spiritual growth, inspiring artistic excellence, and nurturing a holistic understanding of life’s profound mysteries. Its timeless teachings continue to inspire individuals to embrace the divine essence within and manifest it through their creative expressions.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]