Smrat Vikramaditya

The Fabled King of Ujjain Who Ruled Over Mahadvipa (Asia)


Smrat Vikramaditya, a legendary and celebrated figure in Indian history and folklore, is often hailed as a wise and just ruler who governed Ujjain, a city in ancient India, with remarkable competence. His reign is surrounded by myths, tales, and literary works that have elevated him to the status of an exemplary king. Vikramaditya’s reputation as a patron of scholars, poets, and artists, and his association with the famed “Vikram Samvat” calendar system, have further contributed to his enduring legacy. This article aims to delve into the life and achievements of Smrat Vikramaditya, the ruler of Ujjain who is believed to have held sway over the vast region of Mahadvipa, which encompasses Asia.

Historical Context:

Vikramaditya’s reign is shrouded in myth and historical ambiguity, making it challenging to ascertain the precise details of his life. According to traditional accounts, he ruled Ujjain during the 1st century BCE. However, it is crucial to note that many of the stories and legends surrounding him are considered part of folklore and are not entirely verifiable through historical records.

Rule on Asia Mahadvipa

Vikramaditya ruling over Asia as Mahadvipa is primarily part of folklore and mythology, rather than recorded history. The stories and legends surrounding Vikramaditya’s rule over Asia Mahadvipa are fascinating and have been passed down through oral tradition and various literary works. It’s important to approach these accounts with an understanding that they belong to the realm of mythology and are not historically verifiable.

According to some versions of the legends, Vikramaditya’s empire extended far beyond the boundaries of Ujjain and the Indian subcontinent. He was depicted as a universal monarch, with his influence spreading across vast territories in Asia. These tales often describe him as an exceptionally powerful and just ruler, governing with wisdom and righteousness.

The stories of Vikramaditya’s rule on Asia Mahadvipa depict him as a benevolent and fair king, upholding dharma (righteousness) and ensuring the welfare of his subjects. He is said to have established a golden age of prosperity and peace, where justice prevailed and the arts, culture, and sciences flourished under his patronage.

Various literary works and poems have further contributed to the portrayal of Vikramaditya’s reign over Asia. One of the most famous works is the “Vikramaditya Charitra,” an epic poem composed by Kalidasa, the renowned Sanskrit poet and one of Vikramaditya’s court scholars. This poem narrates the king’s extraordinary exploits and accomplishments, elevating his stature to that of a legendary ruler.

Additionally, the concept of the “Nine Gems” or “Navaratnas” (nine great scholars and intellectuals) in Vikramaditya’s court further enhances his mythical image as a ruler of exceptional wisdom and vision. These Navaratnas were believed to have been instrumental in creating a thriving intellectual and cultural environment at his court.

While the stories of Vikramaditya’s rule over Asia Mahadvipa are captivating and have left a lasting impact on Indian folklore, it is essential to acknowledge that they belong to the realm of mythology and should not be taken as historical fact. The historical existence of a king named Vikramaditya who ruled over an empire extending across Asia remains unverified and is widely considered to be a product of legendary narratives.

Wisdom and Justice:

Smrat Vikramaditya is renowned for his wisdom and impartiality in delivering justice. Tales of his extraordinary sense of judgment and fairness have become integral to Indian folklore. The most famous of these stories is the “Vikram and Betal” series, where Vikramaditya engages in thought-provoking conversations with a celestial spirit known as Betal, showcasing his astute decision-making skills.

Patron of Arts and Culture:

Under Vikramaditya’s rule, Ujjain is said to have become a thriving center of arts, culture, and intellectual pursuits. He was a patron of scholars, poets, and artists, attracting talented minds from across the Indian subcontinent. His court was adorned with scholars like Kalidasa, who became one of India’s greatest Sanskrit poets and dramatists.

Vikram Samvat Calendar:

Vikramaditya is often associated with the Vikram Samvat calendar, a traditional Indian calendar system still used in some regions today. The Vikram Samvat era begins from 57 BCE, marking an event that is believed to have been significant during Vikramaditya’s reign.

Mahadvipa – Ruler of Asia:

A captivating aspect of the Vikramaditya legends is the belief that he extended his rule beyond Ujjain to encompass a vast region known as Mahadvipa. This term, which translates to “Great Island,” has been associated with the Indian subcontinent and sometimes extends to include regions beyond it. However, the idea that Vikramaditya ruled over the entire Asian continent remains a matter of legend and mythology rather than historical fact.


Smrat Vikramaditya, the illustrious king of Ujjain, continues to captivate the imagination of people in India and beyond. His reign, though enigmatic, stands as a symbol of wisdom, justice, and patronage of arts and culture. The stories and legends surrounding him have been passed down through generations, enriching India’s literary and cultural heritage. While the idea of him ruling over Mahadvipa (Asia) remains shrouded in mythology, his legendary persona continues to inspire and endure as an emblem of ideal kingship and virtuous governance.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]