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Sariraka Upanishad

Exploring the Nature of the Human Body and Consciousness

Also Called Sharirakopanishad (Sanskrit: शारीरकोपनिषत्).


The Sariraka Upanishad, a profound scripture from the Yajurveda, delves into the intricate relationship between the human body and consciousness. Rooted in the ancient Vedic tradition, this Upanishad explores the nature of the physical body (sarira) and its connection to the eternal self (atman). Through its teachings, the Sariraka Upanishad imparts profound insights into the nature of existence, the pursuit of self-realization, and the realization of the divine essence within.


The Sariraka Upanishad holds a significant place within the corpus of Upanishads, forming an integral part of the Vedic literature. “Sariraka” refers to the physical body, while “Upanishad” denotes the knowledge that leads to spiritual realization. This Upanishad explores the intricate relationship between the human body and the eternal self (atman), delving into the understanding of consciousness and the nature of existence.

In the Vedic era, spiritual seekers and sages sought to explore the deeper aspects of human existence and understand the relationship between the material and spiritual realms. The Sariraka Upanishad emerged during this time, offering profound insights into the nature of the human body and its connection to consciousness.

Origins and Context:

The exact origins and dating of the Sariraka Upanishad are uncertain. It is believed to have been composed during the later stages of the Upanishadic period, between 800-200 BCE. The Upanishads were born out of the quest for deeper understanding, transcending the rituals and sacrificial practices of the Vedic age.

The Sariraka Upanishad’s teachings are rooted in the exploration of the relationship between the physical body, consciousness, and the eternal self.

Key Themes and Teachings:

The Nature of the Physical Body:

The Upanishad expounds the nature of the physical body as a temporary and perishable entity. It highlights the impermanence of the material form and the transient nature of physical existence.

The Eternal Self (Atman):

The Sariraka Upanishad teaches that beyond the physical body lies the eternal self (atman), which is unchanging and immortal. The atman is the essence of individual consciousness, transcending the limitations of time and space.

Identification with the Atman:

The Upanishad emphasizes the importance of identifying with the eternal self rather than the impermanent physical body. By recognizing the atman as one’s true nature, seekers can attain self-realization and liberation.

Pursuit of Self-Realization:

The Sariraka Upanishad guides seekers on the path of self-realization, urging them to go beyond the physical realm and discover their divine essence within. Through meditation, introspection, and self-inquiry, individuals can realize their true identity as the eternal self.

Unity of All Existence:

The Upanishad explores the interconnectedness of all existence, emphasizing the underlying unity that pervades the entire cosmos. By recognizing this unity, seekers can transcend the sense of individuality and experience the oneness of the universal consciousness.

Enduring Significance:

The teachings of the Sariraka Upanishad continue to hold enduring significance in Hindu religious and spiritual traditions. Its exploration of the relationship between the physical body and consciousness has influenced the understanding of human existence and the pursuit of self-realization.


The Sariraka Upanishad stands as a timeless exploration of the intricate relationship between the physical body and consciousness. Through its teachings on self-realization, identification with the eternal self, and the pursuit of divine knowledge, it offers seekers profound insights into the nature of existence and the realization of the divine essence within. As an integral part of the Upanishadic tradition, this sacred scripture continues to inspire and guide individuals on their spiritual journey, fostering a deeper connection with the eternal self and the eternal truth that resides within.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]