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Sankha-Likhita Smriti

A Comprehensive Guide to Social Conduct, Rituals, and Governance

Author Name :

Traditionally attributed to Sage Sankha and Sage Likhita.

Time Period :

Estimated to have been composed around 500-800 CE.

Source when Found :

Sankha-Likhita Smriti is part of the Dharmashastra literature and has been found in ancient manuscripts and commentaries.


The Sankha-Likhita Smriti, an ancient Hindu text, encompasses a wide array of subjects, including social conduct, rituals, and governance. As a significant Dharmashastra text, it provides valuable insights into the moral, social, and legal principles governing ancient Indian society. In this article, we embark on an in-depth research journey to explore the origins, key themes, and enduring significance of the Sankha-Likhita Smriti, shedding light on its contributions to ethical living, religious practices, and governance.


The Sankha-Likhita Smriti holds a revered place among Dharmashastra texts in Hindu literature. This ancient Smriti covers diverse aspects of life, including social conduct, rituals, and governance, offering comprehensive guidance for individuals and rulers alike. Its teachings and insights continue to inspire and shape Hindu ethical thought and religious practices.

Origins and Context:

The Sankha-Likhita Smriti’s exact date of composition and authorship remains uncertain. The text is considered one of the ancient and less well-known Dharmashastra texts, but its teachings are still highly regarded in Hindu society. The context of the Sankha-Likhita Smriti lies in ancient India, where society was organized around rituals, ethical codes, and the concept of dharma (righteous duty).

Key Themes and Teachings:

Social Conduct:

The Sankha-Likhita Smriti delves into guidelines for social conduct, emphasizing the importance of leading a virtuous life, respecting elders, and maintaining harmonious relationships within society.

Rituals and Religious Practices:

The text provides detailed instructions for various religious rituals and ceremonies, elucidating the correct procedures, mantras, and offerings to be performed during these sacred events.

Governance and Law:

The Sankha-Likhita Smriti offers guidance on governance and law, outlining the principles of justice and the duties of rulers in ensuring a just and fair system for maintaining social order.

Duties and Responsibilities:

The Smriti delineates the duties and responsibilities of individuals based on their varna (social class) and ashrama (stage of life), offering guidance for different stages of life, including students, householders, and ascetics.

Enduring Significance:

The Sankha-Likhita Smriti holds enduring significance in Hindu legal, ethical, and religious thought. Its teachings continue to be studied and referenced by scholars and practitioners, offering valuable insights into the moral and social principles that govern human conduct.

The text’s emphasis on ethical living, religious practices, and governance remains relevant in contemporary contexts. Its enduring significance lies in its contributions to shaping ethical frameworks, religious practices, and the understanding of dharma (righteous duty) in Hindu society.


The Sankha-Likhita Smriti, an ancient Hindu text, stands as a comprehensive guide encompassing social conduct, rituals, and governance. Its teachings offer valuable insights into the moral, social, and legal principles that govern human conduct and shape religious practices. While some aspects may reflect the social norms of its time, the core principles of ethical living, religious devotion, and governance continue to hold relevance and applicability in contemporary contexts. The Sankha-Likhita Smriti remains a timeless source of wisdom, enriching the understanding of Hindu ethics and cultural values, and guiding individuals in their pursuit of righteous living and religious observances.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]