Serenity Amidst Urban Charm

Perur Pateeswarar

Exploring the Spiritual Oasis in the Heart of Tamil Nadu’s Industrial Hub

Abstract :

Perur Pateeswarar Temple, located in the western part of Coimbatore in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is a revered Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. This ancient temple, believed to have been constructed by Karikala Chola in the 2nd century CE, stands as a testament to the rich cultural and religious heritage of the region. The temple, situated along the banks of the Noyyal River, boasts a fascinating history, intricate architecture, and vibrant cultural traditions that continue to draw devotees and visitors. This research article delves into the history, architecture, cultural significance, and festivities associated with the Perur Pateeswarar Temple.

Introduction :

Perur Pateeswarar Temple is a prominent Hindu temple located in the city of Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, known as ‘Patteeswarar,’ and his consort Parvati, referred to as ‘Pachainayaki,’ this temple has a rich history that dates back to the 2nd century CE. Nestled on the banks of the Noyyal River, it has been a source of inspiration for poets and devotees alike. The temple’s architectural grandeur and cultural traditions have made it a significant landmark in the region.

Historical Significance :

The historical roots of Perur Pateeswarar Temple run deep. The temple’s construction is attributed to Karikala Chola during the 2nd century CE, making it one of the oldest temples in the state of Tamil Nadu. The reign of Raja Raja Chola I saw the addition of significant structures like Artha Mahal and Maha Mahal to the temple complex. King Raja Raja Chola’s regular offerings and patronage are etched into the temple’s walls, emphasizing its importance during his rule.

It is believed that the revered poet Sundarar, one of the celebrated Nayanars, sang devotional ‘Devaram’ songs at this temple during the 7th century CE. Despite having a historical connection with seven of the 276 temples listed in the Kongu Nadu Padal petra sthalams, Perur Pateeswarar Temple does not feature on this list.

Over the centuries, various dynasties, including the Hosala dynasty, the Vijayanagara Empire, and the Nayakkar Kings, contributed significantly to the temple’s maintenance through generous donations. The Kanaga Sabhai, a significant hall in the temple complex, was constructed around the 17th century under the patronage of Azhagathiri Nayakkar of Madurai.

In the 18th century, the primary deities underwent renovation, and a Mahal dedicated to the 63 Nayanmaars was erected. The 20th century witnessed the construction of the Kalyana Mahal, the front Mahal, and the renovation of the temple’s tower.

Architectural Splendor :

The Perur Pateeswarar Temple is a testament to the grandeur of Dravidian architectural style. The temple complex features multiple gopurams (monumental entrance towers) and halls, with the Kanaka Sabha being a notable structure that houses a golden statue of Nataraja. The temple’s architecture is characterized by a network of stone chains that adorns the ceiling and intricately carved pillars featuring various forms of Lord Shiva.

Within the temple complex, there is a dedicated shrine for Patti Vinayagar, an incarnation of Lord Ganesha. The Arasambalavanar Shrine is believed to be the sacred site where Lord Shiva performed his Tandav (cosmic dance) under a peepul tree. The temple also boasts statues of deities such as Gajasamhara, Virabhadra, Bikshadana, Oordhva Thandava, Saraswati, and Veena. The sacred trees associated with the temple are the palm tree (Irava Panai) and the tamarind tree (Pirava Puli).

Cultural Significance and Festivals :

Perur Pateeswarar Temple is not only a place of worship but also a hub of cultural activities. The temple hosts an annual classical dance week, primarily featuring Bharata Natyam performances by various dance schools from the city and even from foreign locations. These performances attract a large and appreciative audience.

The temple is closely associated with the legend of Ananda Thandavam, one of the divine dances of Lord Shiva. Devotees believe that this is one of the places where Shiva performed this celestial dance.

One of the most anticipated festivals at the temple is Panguni Uthiram, celebrated every year in the month of Panguni. A lavishly adorned temple chariot is paraded through the neighborhood as part of the festivities, attracting a multitude of devotees and onlookers.

The Seedling Planting Festival is another unique celebration that has been observed by the farming community, particularly the Devendrakula Velalars, along the banks of the Noyyal River. This event, conducted in the month of Aani, is part of the Indra festival and involves the planting of seedlings.

Temple Pond and Lake :

The temple boasts a sacred pond situated opposite the temple. This pond is used for significant rituals such as Panguni Uthiratam.

Additionally, Perur Padithurai, a temple lake, is located 200 meters north of the temple on the southern bank of the Noyyal River. These water bodies play a vital role in the temple’s religious and cultural activities.

Conclusion :

The Perur Pateeswarar Temple in Coimbatore stands as a remarkable testament to the rich historical, architectural, and cultural heritage of Tamil Nadu. Its origins dating back to the 2nd century CE, the temple has withstood the test of time and continues to draw devotees, scholars, and tourists from far and wide. With its intricate Dravidian architecture, fascinating legends, and vibrant festivals, this temple is a vibrant hub of spirituality and cultural expression. As it celebrates the harmonious union of Lord Shiva and Parvati, it serves as a living symbol of the unity and diversity that defines the religious landscape of India.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]