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Parashara Smriti

Sage Parashara’s Comprehensive Treatise on Legal, Social, and Ethical Principles

Author Name :

Traditionally attributed to Sage Parashara.

Time Period :

Estimated to have been composed around 200-500 CE.

Source when Found :

Parashara Smriti is one of the texts in the Dharmashastra genre and has been preserved in ancient manuscripts and commentaries.


The Parashara Smriti, attributed to the esteemed sage Parashara, stands as a profound and comprehensive text that covers a wide array of legal, social, and ethical topics. This revered Smriti provides invaluable insights into the intricacies of ancient Indian society, offering guidance on righteous living and governance. In this article, we explore the origins, key themes, and enduring significance of the Parashara Smriti, highlighting its contributions to the understanding of dharma (righteous duty) and societal conduct.


The Parashara Smriti is a celebrated legal and ethical text in Hindu literature, attributed to the revered sage Parashara. Composed in classical Sanskrit, this ancient treatise addresses various aspects of human life, including legal principles, social norms, and ethical conduct. Its teachings provide a comprehensive guide for individuals and rulers alike, reflecting the wisdom and insights of ancient India’s esteemed sage.

Origins and Context:

The exact origins of the Parashara Smriti are uncertain, but it is believed to have been composed during the early centuries of the Common Era. The text is part of the Dharmashastra genre, which deals with ethical and legal principles governing human conduct. It is structured into twelve chapters, encompassing diverse subjects that range from law and governance to family and ethics.

The context of the Parashara Smriti lies in ancient India, where society was deeply influenced by the principles of dharma and the varna system. The sage Parashara, known for his wisdom and contributions to various fields, including astrology, played a crucial role in shaping the understanding of dharma and social conduct during that era.

Key Themes and Teachings:

Legal Principles:

The Parashara Smriti outlines various legal principles governing disputes, contracts, and civil matters. It presents a systematic approach to resolving conflicts and maintaining social order.

Social Conduct and Duties:

The text delineates the duties and responsibilities of individuals based on their varna (social class) and ashrama (stage of life). It provides guidance for individuals in different stages of life, including students, householders, and ascetics.

Governance and Justice:

The Parashara Smriti offers guidance for rulers and administrators on governance, justice, and maintaining law and order in society. It advocates for a just and compassionate rule to ensure the welfare of the people.

Family and Inheritance:

The text delves into matters of family law, including marriage, inheritance, and succession, providing guidelines for harmonious family life.

Enduring Significance:

The Parashara Smriti holds enduring significance in Hindu legal and ethical thought. Its teachings continue to be studied and referenced by scholars and practitioners interested in understanding the complexities of ancient Indian society and governance.

The principles of dharma, governance, and ethical conduct elucidated in the Parashara Smriti have left a lasting impact on Hindu society, shaping the moral fabric and guiding individuals in leading righteous lives. Its enduring significance lies in its contributions to shaping ethical frameworks and societal conduct, reflecting the wisdom of ancient Indian thinkers.


The Parashara Smriti, attributed to Sage Parashara, stands as a revered and comprehensive treatise on legal, social, and ethical principles. Its teachings provide invaluable guidance for individuals and rulers, addressing diverse aspects of human life in ancient India. While some aspects may be rooted in the context of its time, the core principles of dharma, governance, and ethical conduct remain applicable in contemporary contexts. The Parashara Smriti continues to inspire and enrich the understanding of righteous living, making it an enduring source of wisdom for generations to come. The sage Parashara’s contributions continue to resonate and influence the moral fabric of Hindu society and beyond.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]