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Krishi Parashara Smriti

Unraveling Ancient Agricultural Practices and Related Duties

Author Name :

Traditionally attributed to Sage Parashara.

Time Period :

Estimated to have been composed around 800-1000 CE.

Source when Found :

Krishi Parashara Smriti is one of the texts in the Dharmashastra genre and has been preserved in ancient manuscripts and commentaries.


Krishi Parashara Smriti, an ancient Hindu text, occupies a significant place among the agricultural treatises of ancient India. This sacred Smriti focuses on agricultural practices and related duties, providing comprehensive guidelines for sustainable farming and ethical conduct in agrarian society. In this article, we embark on an in-depth research journey to explore the origins, key themes, and enduring significance of Krishi Parashara Smriti, shedding light on its contributions to the understanding of agricultural techniques, rural life, and ethical responsibilities.


Krishi Parashara Smriti stands as an essential agricultural text in Hindu literature. Composed in classical Sanskrit, this ancient Smriti offers profound guidance on the principles of agricultural practices and the responsibilities of those engaged in farming. The teachings of Krishi Parashara Smriti have continued to inspire and shape agricultural thought, providing valuable insights for sustainable farming and ethical stewardship of the land.

Origins and Context:

The exact date of composition and authorship of Krishi Parashara Smriti remains uncertain. However, it is regarded as one of the authoritative texts in the realm of agriculture, representing a significant body of works dedicated to defining agricultural techniques and related duties.

The context of Krishi Parashara Smriti lies in ancient India, where agriculture was the backbone of the economy, and rural life was deeply connected to the land. The teachings of Krishi Parashara Smriti served as a guide for farmers, emphasizing sustainable agricultural practices and responsible land management.

Key Themes and Teachings:

Agricultural Techniques:

Krishi Parashara Smriti provides detailed instructions on various agricultural techniques, including crop cultivation, irrigation methods, soil management, and pest control. It emphasizes the importance of applying traditional knowledge and innovative methods to improve crop yields and ensure food security.

Ethical Stewardship:

The Smriti places a strong emphasis on ethical responsibilities for farmers, encouraging them to treat the land with respect and care. It promotes environmentally friendly practices, discouraging the exploitation of natural resources for short-term gain.

Seasonal Calendar:

The text provides a comprehensive seasonal calendar, guiding farmers on the best times for sowing, harvesting, and other agricultural activities based on the lunar and solar cycles.

Social and Economic Aspects:

Krishi Parashara Smriti addresses the social and economic aspects of agriculture, including land tenure, taxation, and the welfare of agricultural laborers. It advocates for fair treatment and equitable distribution of resources within agrarian society.

Enduring Significance:

Krishi Parashara Smriti holds enduring significance in the realm of agriculture and rural life. Its teachings continue to be studied and referenced by agricultural communities and scholars, offering valuable insights into sustainable farming practices and ethical land management.

The text’s emphasis on agricultural techniques and ethical responsibilities remains relevant in contemporary contexts. Its enduring significance lies in its contributions to shaping sustainable agricultural practices, promoting responsible land use, and fostering a deeper connection between farmers and the land they cultivate.


Krishi Parashara Smriti, an ancient Hindu text, stands as a comprehensive guide that addresses agricultural practices and related duties. Its teachings offer valuable insights into sustainable farming techniques and the ethical responsibilities of farmers. While some aspects may reflect the social norms of its time, the core principles of agricultural sustainability and ethical stewardship continue to hold relevance and applicability in contemporary contexts. Krishi Parashara Smriti remains a timeless source of wisdom, enriching the understanding of agricultural practices and guiding farmers in their pursuit of sustainable and responsible land management.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]