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Harita Smriti

Unraveling the Emphasis on Moral Values, Ethics, and Duties

Author Name :

Traditionally attributed to Sage Harita.

Time Period :

Estimated to have been composed around 500-800 CE.

Source when Found :

Harita Smriti is one of the texts in the Dharmashastra genre and has been preserved in ancient manuscripts and commentaries.


The Harita Smriti, an ancient Hindu text, holds a significant place among the Dharmashastra scriptures. This sacred Smriti places a strong emphasis on moral values, ethics, and the performance of duties governing ancient Indian society. In this article, we undertake an in-depth research journey to explore the origins, key themes, and enduring significance of the Harita Smriti, shedding light on its contributions to the understanding of ethical conduct, moral values, and the pursuit of righteousness.


The Harita Smriti stands as an important legal and ethical text in Hindu literature. Composed in classical Sanskrit, this ancient Smriti offers profound guidance on the principles of moral values, ethics, and the performance of duties. The teachings of the Harita Smriti have continued to inspire and shape Hindu ethical thought, providing valuable insights for righteous living and social harmony.

Origins and Context:

The exact date of composition and authorship of the Harita Smriti remains uncertain. It is considered one of the oldest and authoritative texts in the Dharmashastra genre, representing a significant body of works dedicated to defining ethical and legal principles governing human conduct.

The context of the Harita Smriti lies in ancient India, where society was deeply influenced by rituals, ethical codes, and the concept of dharma (righteous duty). The teachings of the Harita Smriti provided a moral compass, guiding individuals and rulers in upholding justice, social harmony, and ethical conduct.

Key Themes and Teachings:

Ethical Conduct and Moral Values:

The Harita Smriti emphasizes the importance of leading a life governed by moral values, promoting virtues such as truthfulness, compassion, non-violence, and integrity. It provides guidelines for ethical living and righteous behavior.

Duties and Responsibilities:

The text delineates the duties and responsibilities of individuals based on their varna (social class) and ashrama (stage of life). It offers guidance for different stages of life, including students, householders, and ascetics, emphasizing the performance of duties with dedication and sincerity.

Social Harmony:

The Harita Smriti promotes the idea of social harmony and the importance of cooperation and unity in society.

Ethical Governance:

The Smriti provides insights into the principles of good governance and the responsibilities of rulers in upholding justice and maintaining social order.

Enduring Significance:

The Harita Smriti holds enduring significance in Hindu ethical and moral thought. Its teachings continue to be studied and referenced by scholars and practitioners, offering valuable insights into the moral and social principles that govern human conduct.

The text’s emphasis on moral values, ethics, and the performance of duties remains relevant in contemporary contexts. Its enduring significance lies in its contributions to shaping ethical frameworks, religious practices, and the understanding of righteous living in Hindu society.


The Harita Smriti, an ancient Hindu text, stands as a comprehensive guide that places a strong emphasis on moral values, ethics, and the performance of duties. Its teachings offer valuable insights into the moral, social, and ethical principles that govern human conduct and shape religious practices. While some aspects may reflect the social norms of its time, the core principles of ethical conduct, moral values, and the performance of duties continue to hold relevance and applicability in contemporary contexts. The Harita Smriti remains a timeless source of wisdom, enriching the understanding of Hindu ethics and cultural values, and guiding individuals in their pursuit of righteous living and social harmony.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]