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Garuda Purana

from the Perspective of Dharmashastra: Ethical Teachings, Funeral Rites, and Dharma in an Ancient Text with Smriti Portions

Author Name :

Unknown (Traditionally attributed to sage Vyasa)

Time Period :

Ancient Hindu period (dates back to antiquity, with additions made over time)

Source when Found :

The Garuda Purana has been preserved in various ancient manuscripts and is an important text containing Smriti portions that focus on ethics, funeral rites, and Dharma.


The Garuda Purana is a significant text of ancient Hinduism, traditionally ascribed to sage Vyasa. This research-based article examines the Garuda Purana from the perspective of Dharmashastra, particularly its Smriti portions, which emphasize ethical teachings, funeral rites, and Dharma (duty and righteousness). It delves into the origins and context of the Garuda Purana, explores its key themes and teachings, and reflects on its enduring significance as a guide to ethical living, funeral rituals, and moral conduct.


The vast ocean of Hindu scriptures encompasses a variety of sacred texts, and the Puranas are an integral part of this heritage. Among them, the Garuda Purana stands as a revered text attributed to sage Vyasa. This article focuses on the aspects of Dharmashastra found within the Garuda Purana, particularly its Smriti portions, which offer valuable insights into ethical conduct, funeral rites, and the principles of Dharma.

Origins and Context:

The Garuda Purana dates back to antiquity and forms one of the eighteen Mahapuranas of Hinduism. Its authorship is traditionally attributed to the legendary sage Vyasa, who is also credited with composing the Vedas and the Mahabharata. Over time, various scholars have contributed to this ancient text, enriching it with diverse narratives and teachings.

The Garuda Purana’s context lies in its role as a guide to righteous living and the preservation of ancient cultural practices. It addresses various aspects of life, including ethical conduct, religious rituals, and the pursuit of salvation, making it a comprehensive repository of spiritual and moral knowledge.

Key Themes and Teachings:

Ethics and Moral Conduct:

The central theme of the Garuda Purana’s Smriti portions revolves around ethical teachings, emphasizing the importance of virtuous behavior, honesty, compassion, and adherence to Dharma.

Funeral Rites and Afterlife:

The text provides elaborate descriptions of funeral rites and rituals, guiding individuals on performing proper last rites to ensure the smooth journey of the departed soul to the afterlife.

Dharma and Righteous Duty:

The Garuda Purana underscores the significance of fulfilling one’s Dharma, promoting the idea of performing duties and responsibilities in accordance with societal norms and cosmic order.

Path to Salvation:

The Purana elucidates the path to salvation (moksha), detailing the different means and practices that lead to liberation from the cycle of birth and death (samsara).

Enduring Significance:

The Garuda Purana’s enduring significance lies in its multifaceted approach to ethics, funeral rituals, and Dharma. As a guide to ethical living, it continues to offer valuable moral teachings to individuals seeking to lead righteous lives in accordance with Hindu principles.

Moreover, its detailed descriptions of funeral rites and the afterlife have made the Garuda Purana an essential scripture for individuals preparing for the passage of their loved ones and understanding the journey beyond mortal existence.


The Garuda Purana, a revered ancient text traditionally attributed to sage Vyasa, encompasses valuable Smriti portions that provide insights into ethics, funeral rites, and Dharma. From the perspective of Dharmashastra, this Purana serves as a comprehensive guide to ethical living, promoting virtuous behavior and righteous conduct. By exploring the key themes and teachings of this sacred text, we gain a deeper understanding of its enduring significance as a repository of ancient wisdom, guiding generations of Hindus in navigating life’s moral complexities. The Garuda Purana remains an enduring testament to the rich spiritual heritage and ethical traditions of ancient Hindu civilization.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]