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Brihaspati Smriti

A Comprehensive Exploration of Dharma (Righteousness) by Sage Brihaspati

Author Name :

Traditionally attributed to Sage Brihaspati.

Time Period :

Estimated to have been composed around 500-800 CE.

Source when Found :

Brihaspati Smriti is part of the Dharmashastra literature and has been found in ancient manuscripts and commentaries.


The Brihaspati Smriti, attributed to the revered sage Brihaspati, is an ancient Hindu text that delves into the multifaceted concept of dharma (righteousness). As a significant Dharmashastra text, it offers profound insights into moral, social, and ethical principles governing human conduct. In this article, we embark on an in-depth research journey to explore the origins, key themes, and enduring significance of the Brihaspati Smriti, shedding light on its timeless wisdom and its impact on Hindu ethical thought.


The Brihaspati Smriti stands as a venerable legal and ethical text in Hindu literature, attributed to the sage Brihaspati. Composed in classical Sanskrit, this ancient Smriti offers a comprehensive understanding of dharma, the righteous path, and its application in various aspects of life. Sage Brihaspati, known for his wisdom and guidance to the gods, played a pivotal role in shaping the ethical and moral landscape of ancient Indian society.

Origins and Context:

The origins of the Brihaspati Smriti date back to ancient India, although its exact date of composition remains uncertain. Belonging to the Dharmashastra genre, it is part of a body of texts that outlines the ethical and legal principles governing human behavior.

The context of the Brihaspati Smriti lies in ancient Indian society, where adherence to dharma was considered essential for maintaining social order and harmony. The sage Brihaspati’s teachings served as a guiding light, shaping the understanding of dharma and moral conduct during that era.

Key Themes and Teachings:

Dharma (Righteousness):

The central theme of the Brihaspati Smriti is dharma, encompassing moral, social, and ethical duties. It emphasizes the importance of righteous conduct and adherence to one’s duty in different roles and stages of life.

Social Conduct and Ethics:

The text outlines guidelines for individuals from different social classes (varnas) on how to lead virtuous and responsible lives. It promotes virtues such as truthfulness, compassion, and non-violence.

Family and Marriage:

The Brihaspati Smriti offers insights into family law, including the duties of spouses, inheritance, and rules for marital relationships.

Justice and Punishments:

The Smriti prescribes punishments for various offenses, aiming to maintain law and order in society and ensure fairness and justice.

Enduring Significance:

The Brihaspati Smriti continues to hold enduring significance in Hindu ethical thought. Its teachings provide a moral compass for individuals seeking to lead righteous and purposeful lives.

The principles of dharma elucidated in the Brihaspati Smriti have left a lasting impact on Hindu society, influencing the understanding of ethical conduct and social order. Its enduring significance lies in its timeless wisdom and the guidance it offers on navigating the complexities of life with righteousness and moral integrity.


The Brihaspati Smriti, attributed to Sage Brihaspati, stands as a revered and comprehensive text that explores the concept of dharma (righteousness) in ancient Hindu literature. Its teachings provide invaluable guidance for individuals seeking to live virtuous lives while adhering to their duties and responsibilities. While some aspects may reflect the social norms of its time, the core principles of dharma and ethical conduct remain applicable in contemporary contexts. The sage Brihaspati’s contributions continue to resonate and inspire individuals in their pursuit of leading righteous and meaningful lives. The Brihaspati Smriti remains a timeless source of wisdom, reflecting the enduring significance of Hindu ethics and cultural values.

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]