Chhattisgarh’s Architectural Marvel

Bhoramdeo Mandir

Often referred to as the “Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh”

Introduction :

Tucked away in the heart of India, the Bhoramdeo Temple complex in Chhattisgarh stands as an architectural masterpiece dedicated to the Hindu deity, Shiva. Often referred to as the “Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh,” this complex boasts not only a rich history but also an exceptional array of architectural features, including intricate sculptures and erotic motifs reminiscent of Khajuraho and Konarak Sun Temple in Odisha. This research article delves into the historical significance, architectural marvels, and cultural nuances of the Bhoramdeo Temple complex.

Historical Roots :

The Kalachuri Period: The Bhoramdeo Temple complex finds its roots in the Kalachuri period, which spanned from the 10th to the 12th centuries. The Kalachuri dynasty ruled regions in Central India, including western Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, and were often referred to as Chedi or Haihaya in the northern branch. This dynasty left a remarkable legacy in the form of various structures, including the Bhoramdeo Temple.

Naga Kings of Chakrakota :

The temple complex is credited to the Naga kings of Chakrakota, who were known for their practice of tantrism. They ruled over the Southern Koshal region, which corresponds to modern-day Chhattisgarh. The Naga kings’ veneration of Shiva, whom they called Bhoramdeo, gave the temple its name. The construction of the temple complex is estimated to have taken place between the 7th and 12th centuries.

Architectural Grandeur :

Gurur Architectural Style :

The Bhoramdeo Temple is renowned for its unique architectural style known as the Gurur type. It deviates from the north Indian Nagara architectural style and features receding tiers, giving it a distinctive appearance. The temple’s intricate carvings and the elaborate external relief work contribute to its grandeur.

Mandapa, Garbhagriha, and More :

The Bhoramdeo Temple adheres to the conventional Hindu temple design. It consists of a mandapa (hall), an antarala (passage), and the garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum), where a Shiva Linga is enshrined. The mandapa, supported by central pillars, leads to the sanctum sanctorum, where the chief deity, Shiva, is revered.

Exquisite Sculptures :

The temple’s exterior walls are adorned with a multitude of sculptures representing Hindu deities, mythological figures, and erotic motifs. Notably, it features figures from the Kama Sutra, capturing the social, cultural, architectural, and religious ethos of the era.

Kala Sha Crown :

The Shiva Linga within the sanctum sanctorum is crowned by a Kala Sha, a circular structure that adds to the temple’s aesthetics. The overall design is characterized by sharp, curved forms and the synthesis of the Maikal Hill range.

Unique Structures :

Istaliq Temple :

Adjoining the main Bhoramdeo Temple, the Istaliq Temple is one of the earliest structures in the complex, dating back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries. It is in a dilapidated state but still holds a sanctum sanctorum with a sculpted Shiva Linga. The exterior walls boast of intricate images of Uma Maheshwar, kings, and queens.

Cherki Mahal :

Nestled in a thinly forested area, the Cherki Mahal houses a non-carved Shiva Linga. The roof of the sanctum is adorned with lotus decorations, while the entrance porch features intricate patterns.

Madwa Mahal :

Located about a kilometer from the main temple, the Madwa Mahal is designed like a marriage hall. It was constructed to commemorate the wedding of Nagwanshi King Ramachandra Dev and Haihawanshi Queen Raj Kumari Ambika Devi, which occurred in 1349. The temple displays a west-facing Shiva Linga within the sanctum. Erotic motifs and intricate carvings grace the temple’s exterior.

Open-Air Museum :

The Bhoramdeo Temple complex houses an open-air museum that showcases a plethora of archaeological antiquities dating back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Of particular interest are the unique Sati pillars, featuring couples in amorous postures, known as “alingana-mudra.” The museum also displays dilapidated images, friezes, and even a recently constructed temple dedicated to Hanuman.

Conclusion :

The Bhoramdeo Temple complex is a living testament to the rich history and artistic excellence of ancient India. It offers a glimpse into the diverse architectural styles that prevailed in the region and a fascinating narrative of the Naga kings’ reverence for Shiva. The sculptures, erotic motifs, and intricate carvings that adorn the temple are symbolic of the artistic, cultural, and religious ethos of its time. As a place of worship, art, and history, the Bhoramdeo Temple complex continues to enchant visitors with its unique charm.

With its remarkable preservation and captivating features, the Bhoramdeo Temple complex remains a revered site for spiritual seekers, history enthusiasts, and architecture connoisseurs, offering a deeper understanding of Chhattisgarh’s cultural heritage.

Main Points :

• The Bhoramdeo Temple complex is dedicated to Lord Shiva and boasts a rich history dating back to the Kalachuri period.
• The complex includes the main Bhoramdeo Temple and additional structures like the Istaliq Temple, Cherki Mahal, and Madwa Mahal.
• The architecture is a unique blend of the Gurur style and features intricate sculptures and erotic motifs.
• The open-air museum within the complex showcases a range of archaeological antiquities.
• Bhoramdeo Temple remains an important spiritual and cultural site, as well as a testament

Editor – Kaalchakra Team

[ Note – Before Concluding anything as a Finale, Please Go through Original Scriptures of Vaidik Literature Written in Sanskrit and Also with Meaning of That time of Language. Because English is a Limited language to Explaining the Deeper Knowledge of Vaidik Kaal. ]